Atomic Number: 22
Melting Point: 1668°C (3034°F)
Density: 4.50 g/cc (0.162 lb/in3)
Technical information about Titanium metal and historical facts can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Titanium.
The Titanium Industry was born in 1948 after the U.S. Government funded the start-up to produce the "strategic" metal for aircraft, missiles and spacecraft. By 1953 annual production of Titanium reached one thousand tons. First industrial applications were developed in 1960s and 1970s for chemical equipment (mainly heat exchangers, also chemical tanks, vessels and other equipment). Starting 1970s and later titanium is used in medicine for bone repair and implants because of corrosion resistance, high strength and acceptance by the human body. Starting 1980s and 1990s various number of applications for titanium and it's alloys were developed in various industries, including Chemical, Power Generation, Geothermal, Oil & Gas, Mining, Pulp & Paper, Desalinization, Thermal Processing, Galvanic Anodizing, Orthopedic, Automotive & Motorsport, Architectural, Sport, Consumer Goods, Jewelry and number of others. An addition, about 10% of titanium sponge produced and about 30% of scrap generated is being used in steel, aluminum and high strength alloys production for alloying.
Major producing countries now are USA, China, Russia and Japan. The other countries melting titanium are Kazakhstan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Germany, India and Romania.
Currently there are more than 50 grades of Titanium and it's alloys in use, but only 31 grades ASTM International recognizes. To increase strength and corrosion resistance, titanium is being alloyed by other metals (Al, V, Mo, Zr, Sn, Fe, Ni, Pd, and others). To see composition of widely produced titanium alloys, please click here: